Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalysis. He was a physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and influential thinker of the early twentieth century. He initially worked in close collaboration with Joseph Breuer.
Freud formed the theory that the mind is a complex energy-system. He theorised that it is the structural investigation of which is the proper province of psychology.
He clearly stated, connected and refined the concepts of the unconscious, infantile sexuality and repression.
He also proposed a three-sided account of the mind’s structure. He proposed that it is part of a radical new concept and therapy frame of reference. This reference helps us to understand our psychological development. It gives us better understanding of how to treat abnormal mental conditions.
Freud’s most important claim was that, with psychoanalysis, he had invented a successful science of the mind.
An important influence on Freud, however, came from the field of physics.
The second fifty years of the nineteenth century saw life changing advances in contemporary physics.
The principle of the conservation of energy, by Helmholz, states that the amount of energy in any given physical system is always constant. That the energy quota can be changed but not destroyed. And that when energy is moved from one part of the system, it must reappear in another part.
The progressive application of this principle has led to monumental discoveries in thermodynamics, electromagnetism and nuclear physics.
Sigmund Freud’s claim to fame is largely based on the view that there is such a thing as psychic energy. That the human personality is also an energy-system. And that it is the function of psychology to investigate the changes and growth of psychic energy within the personality which shape and determine it.
This conception is the very cornerstone of Freud’s psychoanalytic theory.
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